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Tuberculosis in Romania

Prudent optimism and the evolution of the main indicators of TB endemia in 2012 in Romania

Gilda Popescu, Domnica Chiotan, Nicoleta Cioran, Cristian Didilescu
Institutul de Pneumologie „Marius Nasta”, București, România, Unitatea de asistență tehnică şi management al Programului Național de Control al Tuberculozei

Prudent optimism and the evolution of the main indicators of TB endemia in 2012 in Romania. The implementation of programmes for Tuberculosis Control (NPTC) in the medium term, starting in 1997, who under the auspices and the coordination of the Ministry of Health, was the guarantor of the achievements in these years in TB control, therapeutic success rate of cases being a constant source of 80%. The global incidence of TB (IG) (new cases and relapses) has decreased in the past 10 years with 42%, from a maximum of 142.2%000 in 2002, to 79.2%000 in 2012. The incidence of TB in children between 0 and 14 years of age has dropped significantly, from 48.2% ooo in 2002 (1843) at 28.3%000 in 2011 (770). Mortality declined from 10.8% in 2002 to 6% in 2011. To increase the control of TB, and in accordance with the envisaged country strategy for the period 2013-2017, the anti-TB Programme will give priority to the following measures: gradual introduction of rapid molecular techniques able to identify in the shortest time TB and chemoresistancies; centralized procurement anti-TB drugs; better integration of practices of diagnosis and treatment of TB in children with standard practices for tuberculosis control; for a proper diagnosis and treatment to all people suffering from MDR-TB (until 2015).

Keywords: national programme, tuberculosis, indicators, endemia