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Clinical Cases

Open window thoracostomy for the treatment of bronchopleural cutaneous fistula – case report

Man Milena Adina1, Bogdan Popovici2
Open window thoracostomy for the treatment of bronchopleural cutaneous fistula – case report

Pleural empyema and bronchopleural fistula (the communication between the pleural space and the airways) are early or late complications of various diseases. We present the case of a 29-year-old patient operated for cavitary pulmonary tuberculosis and giant caseoma at the age of seven, who also had fibrocavitary pulmonary tuberculosis positive for mycobacterium tuberculosis at the age of 19. The patient presented with low grade fever, chills, sweating, cough with mucopurulent sputum, dyspnea on mild exertion, perioral cyanosis, cyanosis of the limbs at exertion, anorexia, weight loss and skin suppuration on the left side of thorax.

The diagnosis of chronic pulmonary suppuration, the failure of conservative therapy (multiple antibiotic treatments in the last three years), the presence and size of the bronchopleural cutaneous fistula, the patient's surgical history (presence of "lifesaving" sutures), as well as his immunocompromised state required that conservative medical treatment (antibiotics, antimycotics and supportive medication for six months) be associated with surgery. An open window thoracostomy was selected over segmentectomy or lobectomy due to their associated risks caused by anatomic changes in the large vessels. The open window thoracostomy should not be forgotten or abandoned as it may be the only approach that ensures patient survival and the effective management of the residual cavity and chronic suppuration in selected cases.

Keywords: empyema, bronchopleural fistula, open window thoracostomy


A rare case of lung tumor - pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor

Claudia-Lucia Toma1,2, Ionela Nicoleta Belaconi2, Ştefan Dumitrache- Rujinski1,2, Mihai Alexe2, Codin Saon2, Diana Leonte2, Miron Alexandru Bogdan1,2
1. “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy – Department of Pneumology, Bucharest, Romania; 2. “Marius Nasta” Institute of Pneumology, Bucharest, Romania

Pulmonary inflammatory pseudotumor (PIP) is a rare condition of unknown etiology. It is still a matter of debate if it represents an inflammatory lesion characterized by uncontrolled cell growth or a true neoplasm1, 2. Although mostly benign, these tumors are diagnosis and therapeutic challenges. Preoperative diagnosis can rarely be established. The treatment of choice is surgical resection which has both diagnostic and therapeutic value. We report the case of a 63-year-old male presented with clinical and imagistic picture suggestive of malignancy in the thorax. Lobectomy was performed with histological diagnosis of PIP. No evidence of tumor recurrence.

Keywords: inflammatory pseudotumor, lung, malignancy

Giant left-sided pleuropericardial cyst, mimicking a heart disease

Oana-Cristina Arghir¹, Elena Dantes¹, Luiza Velescu², Codin Saon³, Paul Galbenu³, Camelia Ciobotaru¹
1. Medicine Faculty, ”Ovidius” University Constanța; 2. Clinical Pneumophthysiology Hospital Constanța; 3. “Marius Nasta” Institute of Pulmonology Bucharest

Mediastinal cysts (MC) mainly have an embryonic origin, are benign and frequently discovered thanks to tomodensitometry, sometimes by magnetic resonance imaging. Rarely symptomatic, excepted in cases of very large cysts, they are mainly pleuropericardic cysts (PPC) that represent 30% of MC. Surgery is commonly performed by videothoracoscopy or by video-assisted mini-thoracotomy, mainly for PPC. We report the case of a 62-year-old woman, smoker (30 packs years), who is hospitalized in Constanta Pneumology Hospital in June 2011 for slight shortness of breath, sweating, pain in the left hemi thorax, minor hemoptysis, recurrent. In her medical history, there are to be noticed a blood transfusion after hysterectomy for uterine fibroma (1995), arterial hypertension (2006). After admission, X-ray exam of the chest shows cardiomegaly and a few lung nodular lesions in the right upper lobe.

An initial differential diagnosis includes congestive heart failure, dilated cardiomyopathy, valvular heart disease, left pleurisy, pericarditis, paracardiac tumor mass, tuberculosis +/- HIV. Following laboratory tests imaging (chest CT and ultrasound performed in June 26th 2011 and 27th) a possible pleuropericardic cyst was suspected. Exploratory thoracentesis was not performed and, a month later, in the Institute of Pulmonology "Marius Nasta", Bucharest, a left open thoracotomy revealed a cystic formation about 10 cm in diameter. Histopathologic exam confirmed the diagnosis of cyst pleuropericardic. The prognosis after surgery was favorable.

As a feature of the case are worth mentioning: the large size of pericardial cyst at the upper limit of the data reported in the literature, which mimics cardiomegaly, the hemoptoic onset in a hypertensive patient, heavy smoker; the late suspicion of pleuropericardic cyst through pleural echographic exam; the atypical localization; the facilitated certain diagnosis by surgery and hystological exam; the favorable postoperative prognosis; and all morbidities cofound (Pulmonary Tuberculosis, bronchiectasis, COPD).

Keywords: giant pleuropericardial cyst, open thoracotomy, chest ultrasound, hrmoptysis